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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Faculty of Language, Literature and Humanities

Andrew McIntyre

Contact details

Teaching materials



Comments on my work are always welcome, even if it is already published.

Please contact me (andrew.mcintyre /AT/ hu-berlin.de) if you want electronic copies of any works listed below. Certain articles cannot be uploaded in their final forms because linguists have done little to break the stranglehold that commercial 'publishers' (to use the standard misappellation) have on taxpayer-funded research which should be freely available. Here are some more detailed remarks on this.


Articles in journals or books

McIntyre, A. (2015) Article 82: Denominal verbs. In Peter Müller, Ingeborg Ohnheiser, Susan Olsen & Franz Rainer (eds.) Word-Formation: An International Hanbook of the Languages of Europe, volume 2. In the series Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationsforschung (HSK). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (434-450)  Prepublication version, titled ‘Denominal verbs: An overview” is available at http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/002173

McIntyre, A. (2015) Article 23: Particle verb formation. In Peter Müller, Ingeborg Ohnheiser, Susan Olsen & Franz Rainer (eds.) Word-Formation: An International Hanbook of the Languages of Europe, volume 1. In the series Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationsforschung (HSK). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (434-450)


McIntyre, A. (2014) Constraining argument structure in nominalizations: The case of English -er. Lingua 141: 121-138.

McIntyre, A. (2014) Event modifiers in (German) adjectival participles: Remarks on Gehrke (this issue). To appear in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.

An invited commentary on an NLLT article by Berit Gehrke ('Adjectival participles, event kind modification and pseudo-incorporation'). Like the commented-on article, it mainly focusses on the constraints on by-phrases and modifiers with (German) adjectival participles. It critically examines Gehrke's claims, including the claims that the modifiers are pseudo-incorporated into the participle and that participles refer to event kinds rather than event tokens.

McIntyre, A. (2013). English particle verbs as complex heads: Evidence from nominalization.. In Holden Härtl (ed.) Interfaces of Morphology. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

Gives some new evidence for the unfashionable view that particle verbs are complex heads (morphological objects, compounds, 'words') in certain contexts. Evidence comes from quotative inversion, reduplicative nominalisations of the type 'fixer-upper', constraints on affixation in complex event nominals (the growing up of children vs. *the growth up of children) and a constraint against incorporating nominals in the presence of unincorporated P-projections.

McIntyre, A. (2013) Adjectival passives and adjectival participles in English. In Alexiadou, Artemis & Florian Schaefer (eds.) Non-canonical Passives. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

It gives a (preliminary) analysis of the semantics and syntax of adjectival participles in English. Claims include that Theme arguments of adjectival passives are initially merged as external arguments, that the common clam that all adjectival participles lack implicit Agents is incorrect, that transitive-based and unaccusative-based resultative participles are derived by distinct processes, and that adjectival participles have not only the resultative and stative interpretations usually recognised, but a third 'situation-in-progress' interpretation where participles express in-progress events or states.
McIntyre, A. (2012)  The BECOME=CAUSE hypothesis and the polysemy of get. In Linguistics 50(6): 1251-1287.

This article adapts Pylkkänen's hypothesis that there are CAUSE verbs without causers to BECOME-type verbs. This is done in the course of a detailed semantic analysis of most uses of get.

.McIntyre, A. (2007) Particle verbs and argument structure. In Language and Linguistics Compass 1(4):350-397. Download prefinal version or contact me

An overview article on the argument-structural behaviour of Germanic particle verbs.

McIntyre, A. (2006) The interpretation of German datives and English have. In D. Hole, A. Meinunger and W. Abraham (eds.) Datives and Other Cases. Amsterdam : Benjamins. 185-211. DOWNLOAD prefinal version or contact me.

Argues that (i) most German datives are interpreted in identical fashion to subjects of have, (ii) German datives may relate either to events or entities, just like subjects of have, (iii) 'possessor', beneficiary/maleficiary and privative datives are event-related (an example of (i) and (iii) combined: ihr ist ein Sohn gestorben 'her(dat.) is a son died', i.e. 'her son died' is semantically and syntactically parallel to so-called 'experiencer' have structures like she had a son die), (iv) recipients can be either event- or entity-related, (v) some verbs (gehör- 'belong') embed a projection of the dative-assigning light verb as an alternative to other e.g. small clause complements, (vi) datives with particle verbs function similarly to locational havestructures (I had a hat on).

McIntyre, A. (2005) The Semantic and Syntactic Decomposition of get: An Interaction between Verb Meaning and Particle Placement. In Journal of Semantics 22: 401-438. DOWNLOAD prefinal version or contact me.

An argument that semantic decomposition predicates must be morphemes present in the syntax, i.e. for a VP shell system with meaningful light verbs. Setting up the argument requires a detailed study of the semantics of structures with get with PP/particle complements (I got the key in (the lock)). 

McIntyre, A., (2004) Event paths, conflation, argument structure and VP shells. Linguistics 42(3):523-571. DOWNLOAD prefinal version or contact me.

I discuss the semantics and syntax of 'conflation' (often called 'lexical subordination', in which a VP with a single verb expresses both an activity and a result predication, although only the former is licensed by the verb's lexical entry. Alongside standard cases such as resultative constructions with APs/PPs/particles, I discuss what I call 'event path structures' in English and German. In these, an activity is argued to conflate with a predication expressing a (sometimes metaphoric) 'path' of the activity. These little-known data challenge many argument structure theories because the path expressions sometimes disallow the linking of the verb's normal object. They require a theory where the lexical verb does not contribute arguments in conflation structures, a conclusion motivated empirically. I present a theory of syntax-semantics mapping which relies meaningful light verbs which constrain the interpretations of their specifiers and complements. Conflation is treated as affixation of a verb root to one of these heads. This accounts simply for the argument-structural patterns of resultatives and event path structures. None of he argumentation appeals to a lexical-semantic level between conceptual structure and syntax

McIntyre, A, (2003) Preverbs, argument linking and verb semantics. Yearbook of Morphology 2003. 119-144. DOWNLOAD prefinal version or contact me

This presents the basic ingredients for a theory of the argument structural effects of Germanic prefixes and particles. It shows that the resultative analysis applies in many cases where this at first seems improbable, including certain items often pretheoretically called 'aspectual particles'. The main new contribution is an explanation for argument 'blockages' with over- (*I overate cakes) which relies on the hypothesis that scope-bearing prefixes are forced to take minimal scope, and thus cannot outscope whatever binds the variable of the direct object. The object blockages reduce to the same principles ruling out *rekill people and *re-eat chocolate (on non-regurgitatory reading).

McIntyre, A, (2002) Idiosyncrasy in particle verbs. In. Dehé et al. (eds.) Verb-particle explorations. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 97-118. DOWNLOAD prefinal version or contact me.

Linguists talking about verb-particle constructions tend to assume that they are generally prone to being non-compositional, and there is a myth that a particle lacking a spatial meaning cannot combine compositionally with a verb, or can convey at most a telic/perfective interpretation. I suggest that once one has looked at a representative sample of the constructions with a given particle, many seemingly idiosyncratic combinations turn out to be derivable from the meanings of their components, provided one adopts some additional assumptions independently motivated in the essay. The results should generalise to a lot of other constructions with apparently idiosyncratic readings.

Dehé, N., Jackendoff, R., McIntyre, A. and Urban, S. (2002) Introduction. In. Dehé et al. (eds.) Verb particle explorations. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

McIntyre, A, (2001) Argument blockages induced by verb particles in English and German: Event modification and secondary predication. In Dehé, N. & Wanner, A. (eds.). Structural Aspects of Semantically Complex Verbs. Berlin: Peter Lang. 131-164.

The article deals with certain verb particles disallowing the inheritance of the verbal object in sentences like the following: I sang (*some songs) along. She read (*French literature) on. They played (*a silly game) around. The theoretical approach is superseded by my 'Event paths...' article above, but this article discusses more data.

McIntyre, A. (2001) German Double Particles as Preverbs: Morphology and Conceptual Semantics. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. (Studien zur deutschen Grammatik 61)

A revision of my doctoral thesis at the Universtiy of Sydney from 1998. I wish I had the time to rewrite this completely to reflect what I have learnt in betweentimes. It will be of interest mainly to people interested in complex verbs and German linguistics. There is no glossing of the German.

Dehé, N., Jackendoff, R., McIntyre, A. and Urban, S. (eds.) (2002) Verb-particle explorations. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

In preparation, on the backburner or unpublished

McIntyre, A. (2011) Silent possessive PPs in English Double Object (+Particle) Constructions (Gives an argument for a dative shift analysis of English double object constructions based on the possible positions of particles (notably back, which I analyse as a restitutive modifier of a silent possessive PP). The handout also offers a theory of the interpretation of double objects and their corresponding prepositional constructions. This version is from May 2011.

McIntyre, A. (2011)  Get-passives, middle voice and causative-passive ambiguities. This is an attempt to explain the semantic nuances of get-passives (e.g. responsibility of the surface subject, aversion to creation verbs, affectedness), rather than just stipulating them. I argue that get-passives involve middle voice, which is morphologically unmarked in English. Part of my evidence involves the French passive with se faire

McIntyre, A. (2011) Particle verb formation. Draft of an overview of (research on) the syntactic, semantic and morphological properties of particle verbs. Written for a volume on word formation (edited by Susan Olsen and Peter Müller) in the series Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationsforschung (HSK).

McIntyre, A. (2009) Synthetic compounds and argument structure. Messages from a bandwagon-jumper-onner and a two-cents'-worth-thrower-inner .

McIntyre, A. (2009)  Prescriptivism and the singular 'they'. Handout for a talk I gave to an audience that included non-linguists (hence the departure from my normal areas of speciality). It exposes common faults among non-linguist language critics, but also points out some common faults in linguists' criticisms of prescriptivism. It discusses singular they in detail (e.g. If someone leaves, they should shut the door), giving a (simplified) underspecification (Elsewhere Principle) analysis.

McIntyre, A. (2008) Handout on German datives (summarises my work in this area).

McIntyre, A. Functional interpretations: Borderline idiosyncrasy in prepositional phrases and other expressions

McIntyre, A. Verb-Second and Backformations and Scalar Prefix Verbs in German: The Interaction between Morphology, Syntax and Phonology

Book reviews 

McIntyre, A (2008) Review of E. Reuland et al. Argument Structure. The Linguist List: www.linguistlist.org/issues/19/19-3650.html

McIntyre, A (2007) Review of B. Aarts and A. McMahon The Handbook of English Linguistics. The Linguist List: www.linguistlist.org/issues/18/18-362.html

McIntyre, A (2006) Review of Broekhuis et al. (eds.) Organizing Grammar. In The LinguistList: http://listserv.linguistlist.org/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0607D&L=linguist&P=R4555

McIntyre, A (2005) Review of Erteschik-Shir, N. and Rapoport, T. (2005) The Syntax of Aspect. To appear in Germanistik

McIntyre, A (2005) Review of Rich, G. (2003) Partikelverben in der deutschen Gegenwartssprache. To appear in Germanistik.

McIntyre, A (2004) Review of Maylor (2002) Lexical Template Morphology. (Amsterdam : Benjamins). In Journal of Germanic Linguistics 15.4 366-371.

McIntyre, A (2003) Review of Steinbach (2002) Middle Voice. (Amsterdam : Benjamins). In The Linguist List: www.linguistlist.org/issues/14/14-260.html

McIntyre, A (2001) Review of Lüdeling, A. (2001) On particle verbs and similar constructions in German. Stanford: CSLI. In The Linguist List: http://listserv.linguistlist.org/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0106D&L=linguist&P=R7927


17.7.17. Why lexicalists are often right about derivational morphology (even if it is syntactic). Invited talk, Workshop on Syntax and Morphology, University of Girona

1.5.17. Explaining frequent noun incorporation in argument-supporting nominals. JENOM (Journées d'étude sur les nominalisations) 7, Université de Fribourg, Switzerland.

20.2.17. Remarks on the structure of compounds in English and German. Invited talk, workshop on compounding, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin

1.9.16 1.9.16. The grammar of synthetic compounds. Talk at the workshop ‘Compounding and Derivation’ at the conference of the Sociatas Linguistica Europaea, Naples

23.1.14 Deriving noun incorporation when verbs don’t normally noun-incorporate: Argument-realising compounds in English and German. Invited talk in Workshop on Compounding, Universität Stuttgart.

13.5.14 Event nominalisations and the nominal argument linking system. Invited talk, Freie Universität, Berlin

20.6.13 Argument linking, possession and complex predicates in English nominalisations. Invited talk, JENOM 6 (Journées d'étude sur les nominalisations), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

19.6.13. Silent possessive PPs in double object constructions. Invited talk, Universitat Autonòma de Barcelona.

13.7.12. Particle incorporation. Invited talk in “P-Workshop”, University of Stuttgart

30.6.2011. Argument inheritance without phrasal affixation. Invited talk. University of Stuttgart.

22-25.2.2011. English get-passives, Middle Voice and Causative-Passive Ambiguities. Workshop on non-canonical passives, DGfS, Göttingen.

3.12.10. Argument non-realisation in morphology and syntax. Invited talk, Workshop on the lexicon-syntax interface, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

9.4.10. Partizipant nominalisations and argument inheritance . Konstanz Workshop in Generative Grammar, Universität Konstanz.

13.6.09. Compounding and argument structure . Invited talk, workshop on case and argument structure, University of Stuttgart.

22.5.09. Kategorieverändernde Derivationsmorphologie und Argumentvererbung. GGS University of Leipzig.

24.4.09. Synthetic compounds in English. SWIGG (Swiss Work in Generative Grammar) conference, Neuchâtel.

8.10.08. Public perceptions of language and linguistics: Some myths. Leçon inaugurale, Université de Neuchâtel.

23.5.08. Prescriptivism and the singular 'they'. General meeting of the Swiss Association of University Teachers of English. Neuchâtel.

17.5.08. Tense and Aspect in English. Workshop on English language and literature. Neuchâtel.

2.5.08. Nominalisierungen und synthetische Komposita. Generative Grammatik des Südens, Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin.

24.11.07. La décomposition sémantique. Lecture, Université de Neuchâtel.

13.11.07. Hohe und tiefe Dative im Deutschen. Invited talk, University of Tübingen.

12.11.07. Die Englische Dativalternation. Invited talk, University of Tübingen.

2.9.07. Silent possessive PPs. Invited talk, University of Geneva.

19.5.07. Ein Argument für Dativverschiebung. GGS Konstanz.

14.5.07. Directional PPs. Invited colloquium talk, University of Tromso, Norway.

12.5.07. The (argument) structure of particle verbs. Invited talk in Workshop on Particle verbs, University of Tromso, Norway .

2.3.2007. Possession and related matters. Invited talk in Workshop on Lexical Decomposition, Stuttgart .

31.1.2007: Doppelobjekte im Englischen. Invited colloquium talk, Leipzig.

2.6.2006: The Integration of Directional PPs: Thoughts on the way to getting towards knowing if I'm (BE)COMing or GOing. Conference on spatial prepositions, Utrecht.

26.5.2006: Passiv im Englischen (Generative Grammatik des Südens, Stuttgart)

23.6.2005: Argument structural aspects of particle verbs. (Invited talk, Stuttgart)

11.5.2005: Germanic particle verbs. (Invited talk, Tilburg)

17.2.2005: Aspects of the grammar of get. (Invited talk, Konstanz)

21.5.2004: Die Syntax und Semantik der way-construction(Generative Grammatik des Südens, Mannheim)

26.2.2004: The German dative: Decomposition with HAVE vs. the animacy myth. (DGfS, Mainz)

1.6.2003: Der deutsche Dativ. (Generative Grammatik des Südens, Cologne)

4.10. 2002: The verb get, directional PP's and lexical decomposition in Syntax. (Sinn und Bedeutung VII, University of Konstanz)

2.10.2002: Argument structure and event structure(Workshop 'Complex Predicates, Particles and Subevents', University of Konstanz)

24.7.2002: Syntactic limits on the expression of conceptual content: Verbal arguments and secondary predicates (35thMeeting of Societas Linguistica Europaea, Potsdam)

30.4.2002: Funktionale Lesarten in Präpositionalphrasen und anderen Ausdrücken(Invited talk, University of Hamburg)

10.1.2002: Argument Linking and a Theory of Conflation.(19th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics; Tromso, Norway)

8.10.2001: Event paths and argument linking (Sinn und Bedeutung V1, Osnabrück)

20.1.2001: Preverbs, argument linking and verb semantics (Workshop on preverbs, Nijmegen)

2.3.2000: Argument Blockages Induced by Verb Particles. (22. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, Marburg)